Nail Types and Uses

Types of Nails

Penny Length
in
Inches
Approximate Number Per Pound
Common Box Casing Finishing
2d 1 876 1010 1010 1351
3d 1.25 568 635 635 807
4d 1.5 316 437 437 584
6d 2 181 236 236 309
8d 2.5 106 145 145 189
10d 3 69 94 94 121
12d 3.25 64 87 87 113
16d 3.5 49 71 71 90
20d 4 31 52 52 62
30d 4.5 24 46 46
40d 5 18 35 35
50d 5.5 16
60d 6 11

A ‘keg’ of nails is a 100 lb. container


Annular Nail (Annular Ring Shank)

Annular Ring Nail

Annular Nail

  • Usage: For affixing plywood and other materials. Can be used for clapboards, shingles, underlayment, and paneling.
  • Pros: Good for floors in stopping movement of joists. Teeth on shank hold it tighter. Resistant to rusting.

Box Nail

Box Nail

  • Usage: Non-structural usage.
  • Pros: Thinner than common nails and less likely to split wood.
  • Length: 1 to 3 1/2 inches.

Brad Nails

Brad Nail

Brad Nails

  • Usage: For use in general work.
  • Pros: Used in a nail gun for quick work and the narrow size gives a neat finished look.
  • Length: 1 inch or less.

Brass Brad Nails

Brass Brad Nails

  • Usage: Decorative nails for use on areas such as brass door hardware.
  • Pros: Is very visually appealing.

Cap Nails

Cap Nails

  • Usage: For nailing down house wrap and other building fabric.
  • Pros: Wide head keeps fabric from being ripped off.

Casing Nails

Casing Nail

  • Usage: For use on small moldings or thin plywood.
  • Pros: Slightly larger than a finishing nail and has increased holding power.

Common Nail

Common Nail

  • Usage: For rough construction work.
  • Pros: Can be purchased in various sizes.
  • Length: 1 to 6 inches (2d to 60d)

Cone Head Drive Screw with Washer

Cone Head Drive Screw with Washer

  • Usage: For use on roof.
  • Pros: Washer keeps the water out of the hole.

Copper Clout Nail

Copper Clout Nail

  • Usage: For use on slates for roofs.
  • Pros: Is very visually appealing.

Copper Disc Rivet (Tingle)

Copper Disc Rivet

  • Usage: For roofing slates.
  • Pros: Works best on pre-drilled cement fiber slates.

Corrugated Fastener

Miter Joint
Miter Joint

Corrugated Fasteners

  • Usage: Used to hold the corners of wood frames firmly together.
  • Pros: An easy way to hold frames together without slipping.

Corrugated Nails (See Staples below)


Cut or Clasp Nail

Cut Clasp Nails

Cut or Clasp Nail

  • Usage: For ledge and brace door constructions. Attaches wood to soft masonry.
  • Pros: All purpose nail for traditional looks.

Cut Floor Nails

Cut Floor

  • Usage: For nailing down floor boards.
  • Pros: These nails are large, strong, and are often used in a nailing machine.

Double-Headed Nails (See Duplex Nails below)


Drywall Nails (See Plasterboard Nail below)


Duplex Nails

Duplex Nail

  • Usage: Used for temporary construction.
  • Pros: Has two heads for easy removal.

Finish Nails

Finish Nails

  • Usage: For detailed finished looks
  • Pros: Smaller head than round-head nail that sits flush with panel and reduced risk of splitting.
  • Length: 1 to 4 inches.

Galvanized Felt Nail

Galvanized Felt Nail

  • Usage: For attaching roofing felt.
  • Pros: Large head to keep the water out.

Glazing Sprig Nails

Glazing Sprig Nails

  • Usage: Used with putty to secure glazing.
  • Pros: The large washer helps the nail from breaking through.

Hardboard Nail

Hardboard Nail

  • Usage: For use on hardboard.
  • Pros: The diamond shaped head becomes hidden on hardboard.

Lost Head Nail (Round Head Nail)

Round Head Nails

Lost Head Nail

  • Usage: For joining wood in ‘rough finishing’ such as studwork.
  • Pros: Good for ‘rough finishing’ areas.

Masonry Nail

Masonry Nail

  • Usage: Used to attach wood to stone or brick.
  • Pros: Very strong and usually made of hardened zinc.

Oval Head Nail

Oval Head Nail

  • Usage: This is a multi-purpose nail.
  • Pros: Oval cross-section reduces chance of splitting wood.

Oval Wire Nail

Oval Wire Nail

  • Usage:
  • Pros: Not likely to split the wood.

Panel Pin

Panel Pin

  • Usage: For attaching wood to wood. It is best to use glue as well to nailing.
  • Pros: The small countersunk head helps make it flush and less noticeable.

Plasterboard (Drywall) Nail

Drywall Nails

  • Usage: For attaching plasterboard to studs.
  • Pros: Galvanized nail to stop rust and designed not to cut the paper.
  • Length: The most common lengths are 1 3/8 inch (3.74 cm) and 1 ½ inches (3.8 cm). They are available in different gauges and the most common one is the 13 gauge nail.

Plastic Headed Nail

Plastic Headed Nail

  • Usage: For vinyl siding materials, plastic facia boards and timber joints.
  • Pros: Shatterproof heads with many popular colors available.

Roofing Nails

Roofing Nail

  • Usage: For attaching asphalt and other roofing job areas.
  • Pros: These are often galvanized to prevent rust.
  • Length: 3/4 inch to 1 3/4 inch.

Round Wire Nail

Round Wire Nail

  • Usage: General Work.
  • Cons: Can split wood when used.

Siding Nail

Siding Nail

  • Usage: For attaching siding to a house.
  • Pros: Galvanized to protect against the weather elements.

Spiral Flooring Nail

Spiral Flooring Nail

  • Usage: For nailing subfloors.
  • Pros: Can be used in nailing guns to speed up the work.

Spring Head Nail

Spring Head Nail

  • Usage: For attaching sheet materials.
  • Pros: Wide head keeps water out of the hole.

Square Twist Nail

Square Twist Nail

  • Usage: For external cladding and felt.
  • Pros: Strong and weather resistant zinc coating.

Staples (Corrugated Nails)

Corrugated Nails

  • Usage: For fencing applications and mitered frame joints.
  • Pros: Comes in zinc and galvanized for outdoor use.

Tack

Tack

  • Usage: For attaching materials to wood.
  • Pros: Good for attaching upholstery to furniture.

Turbo Zip Nails

Turbo Zip Nail

  • Usage: Attaches wood to masonry.
  • Pros: Holds like a screw.

Upholstery Nails

Upholstery Nails

  • Usage: For use to secure upholstery to furnishings
  • Pros: Many decorative options available.

Upholstery Tack

Upholstery Tack

  • Usage: For use on upholstery.
  • Pros: Finished head for looks.

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