Types of Nails
|Approximate Number Per Pound|
A ‘keg’ of nails is a 100 lb. container
Annular Nail (Annular Ring Shank)
- Usage: For affixing plywood and other materials. Can be used for clapboards, shingles, underlayment, and paneling.
- Pros: Good for floors in stopping the movement of joists. Teeth on shank hold it tighter. Resistant to rusting.
- Usage: Non-structural usage.
- Pros: Thinner than common nails and less likely to split wood.
- Length: 1 to 3 1/2 inches.
- Usage: For use in general work.
- Pros: Used in a nail gun for quick work and the narrow size gives a neat finished look.
- Length: 1 inch or less.
Brass Brad Nails
- Usage: Decorative nails for use on areas such as brass door hardware.
- Pros: Is very visually appealing.
- Usage: For nailing down house wrap and other building fabric.
- Pros: Wide head keeps the fabric from being ripped off.
- Usage: For use on small moldings or thin plywood.
- Pros: Slightly larger than a finishing nail and has increased holding power.
- Usage: For rough construction work.
- Pros: Can be purchased in various sizes.
- Length: 1 to 6 inches (2d to 60d)
Cone Head Drive Screw with Washer
- Usage: For use on the roof.
- Pros: Washer keeps the water out of the hole.
Copper Clout Nail
- Usage: For use on slates for roofs.
- Pros: Is very visually appealing.
Copper Disc Rivet (Tingle)
- Usage: For roofing slates.
- Pros: Works best on pre-drilled cement fiber slates.
- Usage: Used to hold the corners of wood frames firmly together.
- Pros: An easy way to hold frames together without slipping.
Corrugated Nails (See Staples below)
Cut or Clasp Nail
- Usage: For ledge and brace door constructions. Attaches wood to soft masonry.
- Pros: All-purpose nail for traditional looks.
Cut Floor Nails
- Usage: For nailing down floorboards.
- Pros: These nails are large, strong, and are often used in a nailing machine.
Double-Headed Nails (See Duplex Nails below)
Drywall Nails (See Plasterboard Nail below)
- Usage: Used for temporary construction.
- Pros: Has two heads for easy removal.
- Usage: For detailed finished looks
- Pros: Smaller head than round-head nail that sits flush with the panel and reduces the risk of splitting.
- Length: 1 to 4 inches.
Galvanized Felt Nail
- Usage: For attaching roofing felt.
- Pros: Large head to keep the water out.
Glazing Sprig Nails
- Usage: Used with putty to secure glazing.
- Pros: The large washer helps the nail from breaking through.
- Usage: For use on hardboard.
- Pros: The diamond shaped head becomes hidden on hardboard.
Lost Head Nail (Round Head Nail)
- Usage: For joining wood in ‘rough finishing’ such as stud work.
- Pros: Good for ‘rough finishing’ areas.
- Usage: Used to attach wood to stone or brick.
- Pros: Very strong and usually made of hardened zinc.
Oval Head Nail
- Usage: This is a multi-purpose nail.
- Pros: Oval cross-section reduces the chance of splitting wood.
Oval Wire Nail
- Pros: Not likely to split the wood.
- Usage: For attaching wood to wood. It is best to use glue as well as nailing.
- Pros: The small countersunk head helps make it flush and less noticeable.
Plasterboard (Drywall) Nail
- Usage: For attaching plasterboard to studs.
- Pros: Galvanized nail to stop rust and designed not to cut the paper.
- Length: The most common lengths are 1 3/8 inch (3.74 cm) and 1 ½ inches (3.8 cm). They are available in different gauges and the most common one is the 13 gauge nail.
Plastic Headed Nail
- Usage: For vinyl siding materials, plastic fascia boards and timber joints.
- Pros: Shatterproof heads with many popular colors available.
- Usage: For attaching asphalt and other roofing job areas.
- Pros: These are often galvanized to prevent rust.
- Length: 3/4 inch to 1 3/4 inch.
Round Wire Nail
- Usage: General Work.
- Cons: Can split wood when used.
- Usage: For attaching siding to a house.
- Pros: Galvanized to protect against the weather elements.
Spiral Flooring Nail
- Usage: For nailing subfloors.
- Pros: Can be used in nailing guns to speed up the work.
Spring Head Nail
- Usage: For attaching sheet materials.
- Pros: Wide head keeps water out of the hole.
Square Twist Nail
- Usage: For external cladding and felt.
- Pros: Strong and weather resistant zinc coating.
Staples (Corrugated Nails)
- Usage: For fencing applications and mitered frame joints.
- Pros: Comes in zinc and galvanized for outdoor use.
- Usage: For attaching materials to wood.
- Pros: Good for attaching upholstery to furniture.
Turbo Zip Nails
- Usage: Attaches wood to masonry.
- Pros: Holds like a screw.
- Usage: For use to secure upholstery to furnishings
- Pros: Many decorative options available.
- Usage: For use on upholstery.
- Pros: Finished head for looks.